The northern coast of Minorca suffers the most harshly from the Tramontane, a strong north wind that usually blows at more than 100 Km/h in the winter. The trees twist to face the south over the whole island, adapting to the wind, and the more exposed shrubs adopt a characteristic form, flat and sharp like a wedge.
On the old land of the north, slate and silica form a very fractured and creased terrain. Dark and impermeable rocks form wide valleys and small hills, a humanized landscape with great ecological richness. The force of the wind, the dark rock and the rugged terrain make up a characteristic, hard landscape, with coves that retain a large personality. Coves that, when the calm of summer comes, become extraordinarily placid and give the tourists a big and very appreciated dose of calm.
The small village of Fornells, an ancient fishing village, gives way to a spectacular bay, an entrance to the sea several kilometers deep, at the end of which the mountain El Toro stands authoritatively as the highest point on the island. At the foot of the mountain, you find the town Es Mercadal. It is the geographic center of the island and it formerly hosted a crowded market. It is known for its traditional products and its restaurants of typical Minorcan cuisine.
You must pass through Es Mercadal to make your required visit to the virgin coves of the north; Cavalleria, Cala Pregonda or Binimel-la. Also to reach the Cabo de Cavalleria, the northernmost point of the island, where you can feel the prodigious force of the Tramontane. In the north, you will find the most unspoilt coast on the island, most of it protected, it presents the greatest rural expanse of the coast, more than 25 continuous Kilometers.
Crossing its paths you can clearly appreciate the combination of diverse and individual surroundings with human activity deeply respectful to the natural environment. It is the character of a unique land, the Biosphere Reserve.